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Do's and Don'ts during the First Trimester of Pregnancy

Sep 21, 2022

Do’s During Your First Trimester

Knowledge about the do’s in your first trimester of pregnancy can help your growing baby flourish inside the womb. You should ensure eating a healthy diet, good sleep, and inwardly well throughout your pregnancy to avoid any complications in the future.

1. Consult your doctor

After a positive pregnancy test is known, consult an Obstetrician/Gynecologist to confirm your pregnancy and get advice on taking prenatal vitamins and supplements and the precautions during your first trimester. Your body may undergo different changes as it grows week by week, hence you require more energy. Calcium, iron, zinc, and folate are some of the prenatal vitamins that you and your baby need.

You have to do these to protect your baby against some abnormalities and avoid premature delivery. Since it’s most important to include having enough folic acid during the pregnancy, they will prescribe you safe medications. Even if you’re taking any drugs due to some health conditions that may affect your pregnancy, you should discuss them with your doctor.

2. Intake of healthy food

The intake of a healthy diet provides nutritional value for you and your baby. You may experience morning sickness, or feel vomiting or fatigued at any time of the day as this relates to food aversions. The tip to face such challenges is to have a smaller quantity of food frequently and drink plenty of fluids. Many women may get averted to some fruit or vegetable, so they may be in their comfort zone eating what they like in this trimester. 

Try to consume colorful foods like green spinach, orange carrots, red apples, yellow bananas, blueberries, white dairy products, and omega 3-fatty acids. Your baby tastes what you eat through your amniotic fluids. Therefore, having a varied diet may prone your baby to different tastes and flavors.

  • Vegetables are rich in vitamins and potassium - dark leafy vegetables, tomatoes, carrots, and sweet potatoes.
  • Proteins are rich in lean beef, lamb, beans, peas, seeds, nuts, and low-mercury fish like trout and salmon.
  • Fruits provide the benefits of hydration and vitamin C - oranges, melons, bananas, mangoes, apricots, and apples. 
  • Dairy products - cheese, tofu, reduced-fat pasteurized milk, and yogurt.
  • Whole Grains are excellent sources of iron, folic acid, and healthy fiber.

3. Drink plenty of fluids

All of us need to stay hydrated, generally, pregnant women should ensure to drink plenty of fluids throughout their pregnancy. During the first trimester, being hydrated may overcome unpleasant symptoms, including dizziness, fatigue, constipation, headaches, and preterm delivery. Many women may undergo morning sickness, they may get dehydrated often.

Drinking a minimum of 1.6 liters (8-12 cups) of water daily is recommended, including fresh juices and soups. Avoid drinking caffeine during pregnancy time.

4. Limit your stress and Relax

You may get overwhelmed easily in the first few months of pregnancy. But you should limit the level of emotions or stress as not good for your health and may affect your baby's growth. 

Do meditation or practice deep breathing, and refocus your determinations when you feel stressed. Don’t let yourself work too much on it, therefore plan your schedule. It is best to use a pregnancy planner that will help you to stay organized so that you can reduce anxiety. Eating healthy and getting enough sleep are extremely important in the healthy development of your baby and in maintaining your health. 

Don'ts During Your First Trimester

1. Avoid junk foods and drinking soda 

Junk foods are fried and processed food high in calories, salt, and sugar. The nutritional value is very minimum. If you consume it regularly during the first trimester, diabetes, obesity, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease may develop. The addition of artificial flavors and preservatives for taste and shelf-life may cause harm to your health. 

Avoid drinking soda during the first trimester of pregnancy as it contains chemicals and acidic elements. It may raise your risk of pregnancy complications and affects the baby's development which may lead to miscarriage.

2. Do not drink coffee

Limit consuming coffee during pregnancy as caffeine affects the placenta and the baby's bloodstream. Recently, a study found that women who consumed coffee a day during pregnancy have given birth to babies smaller for their gestational age than those who never consumed caffeine when pregnant. 

3. Do not smoke and drink alcohol

When you smoke while you’re pregnant, it affects you and your fetus to an increased risk of health problems that includes miscarriage and premature labor. Even passive smoking can affect you both. Smoking reduces the supply of oxygen and nutrients due to carbon monoxide and nicotine value. 

Stop drinking alcohol as it may impact the development of your baby and lead to fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). When you drink alcohol during pregnancy, it causes birth defects since alcohol acts as a teratogen that causes fetal abnormality with the risk of birth defects and developmental problems.

Consuming alcohol causes fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and its symptoms are:

  • Baby development lagging
  • Premature birth
  • learning disabilities
  • behavior problems

4. Do not eat high mercury food

Do not eat seafood high in mercury levels, such as shark, swordfish, tuna, king mackerel, or snapper, because these are toxic and harmful. Also, it is best to avoid uncooked fish food.

5. Sleeping position

The rise in progesterone levels influences sleeps during the first trimester. Because it makes you feel exhausted and uncomfortable.


Know about the best sleeping position when you are pregnant. You should avoid sleeping on your back as it may cause trouble in breathing, or even maybe your heart starts to beat faster. So you can sleep on your side using pillows for support, with your knees bent slightly, and also avoid crushing your stomach.

6. Exercising

Do not exercise lying on your back, as it may make you dizzy, and short of breath. Exercises like full sit-ups, double leg lifts, back bends, weight lifts, jumping, and bouncing with sudden, jerky motions are best to avoid during pregnancy.


Related: Foods to Avoid During the First Trimester of Pregnancy

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